Mon, 08 June 2020 01:01

What does vitamin C serum do for your face?

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Vitamin C is known for containing powerful properties, with many people often praising it for alleviating the common cold. Consuming Vitamin C has a variety of health benefits, but applying Vitamin C to your face can yield plenty of anti-aging benefits to your skin. It creates a brighter complexion, evens out your skin tone, improves hydration, and diminishes the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. 

But how exactly does Vitamin C bring about all of these benefits? 

These benefits come from the ascorbic acid in Vitamin C, which creates younger, firmer-looking skin. To learn how Vitamin C helps you maintain a youthful glow, it’s important to understand the effects that free radicals, the sun, and collagen have on your skin. 

Free Radicals: So many of our skincare products protect against them, but what are they? Free radicals are unstable electrons in molecules that are caused by conditions in the environment and even food. They change the composition of healthy cells and damage them, which can have visible effects such as wrinkles, sagging, and roughness. Vitamin C contains antioxidants, which can interact with free radicals to terminate any vital damage to cells while combating the effects of aging. 

Sun Damage: While we all enjoy soaking up the sun, it can have damaging effects on our skin if we don’t stay protected — and sometimes SPF just isn’t enough. Harmful UVA and UVB rays can eventually create wrinkles. Vitamin C serums strengthen your skin and repels things that can damage it. Our powerful serums contains melanin-suppressing properties, which can prevent and fade brown spots caused by the sun.  

Collagen: Collagen is one of the most important components of keeping your skin looking young. Collagen is a connecting tissue that keeps your skin layers together. As you age, you lose collagen, which causes the skin to sink and create wrinkles. The decline of collagen also allows facial expressions and movements to leave marks on our faces. Vitamin C is known to give you younger and firmer skin because it increases and stimulates collagen production to avoid aging in your skin. 

What about Blue Light?  

Blue light: The Invisible Menace 

We live in a world that is heavily reliant on our smart devices (sleeping with your phone under your pillow, anyone?) – from finding that recommended local restaurant or navigating your way around traffic. But as we read more about how screen time and prolonged exposure to blue light can be detrimental to our health – now we are learning it can also cause dark spots on our skin as well as photo-aging and weakening of the skin surface. Apple’s new “Screen Time,” feature creates a weekly activity report showing the total time spent on each app! With the average American currently clocking in an estimated 10.5 hours of screen time a day,  our phones have become an extension of ourselves. 

But can our devices really be such a danger to our physical and mental wellbeing? The answer is yes: blue light is the invisible threat to our physical and mental wellbeing. 

Blue light is a color in the visible light color spectrum, it has short wavelengths but emits high energy that can have permanent negative impacts on your sleep, anxiety levels, eyes, and even is linked to signs of premature aging. Blue light is an unavoidable danger especially with our attachment to our devices. Long term exposure to concentrated blue light energy can cause severe skin damage, including skin discoloration, inflammation, and the overall weakening of the skin’s surface. Blue light, also referred to as digital pollution, has the potential to promote stressors in the skin that cause photo-aging – skin damage and premature aging that is strictly caused by exposure to light. While avoiding the effects of blue light might not be avoidable, we can manage the impact it has on our skin. 

Vitamin C serum do for your Face

Mon, 08 June 2020 01:19

Skin Care Tips

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Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide) is gaining popularity in skincare, which is no surprise to us!

The benefits are endless, but what results can you expect from this multi-tasking ingredient?

  • Reduces redness and inflammation


  • Regulates sebum production, reducing the appearance of pore size


  • Strengthens skin’s barrier (body’s natural defense system) restoring suppleness


  • Boosts circulation and promotes glowing skin


  • Reduces fine lines and plumps the skin.
Fri, 28 February 2020 07:56

How can vegetables improve your skin?

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Eating plenty of vegetables is an easy and inexpensive way to improve your skin’s appearance. Different vegetables can support and nourish your skin. Here are some of the benefits you can see from several types of vegetables.

Vegetables That Your Skin Will Love

1. Sweet Potatoes, Pumpkin, and Winter Squash. All three of these vegetables provide the same improvements in your skin. Just by eating these vegetables, you can help your complexion. Antioxidant beta-carotene is found in sweet potatoes, which is one
of the main ingredients to help fight sun damage. Sweet potatoes, pumpkin, and winter squash also contain vitamin A and antioxidants. Vitamin A is needed to keep the skin healthy and regenerated. Antioxidants can slow the aging of cells.

2. Avocado. Avocado can help fight skin inflammation, and contain a natural oil and healthy fats. One of the main avocado skin benefits comes from their high oleic acid content. This monounsaturated fatty acid maintains moisture in the epidermal layer of your skin, helping to make it soft and hydrated.

3. Carrots. Eating carrots can provide your skin with a natural sunscreen. Beta carotene is found in carrots which can help your body to form collagen and regenerate your skin cells.

4. Spinach. Spinach contains a whole list of vitamins that are good for your body. Many of those vitamins can help your body system to function optimally, restore any cell damage, and deliver nutrients to your skin.

5. Bell Peppers. These vegetables contain a high level of vitamin C. The large amount of vitamin C that is found in bell peppers can make your skin appear to be younger. As well as having strong antioxidant properties, vitamin C is needed for the creation of elastin and collagen, which bind your skin cells together and maintain their firmness and structure.

6. Brussel Sprouts. Eating these can help to create glowing skin. Brussel sprouts contain vitamin C and antioxidants to help maintain the health and the glow of your natural skin. The antioxidants in Brussel sprouts can even help prevent skin cancer and acne. Brussel sprouts also contain an ingredient known as silica, which can rebuild and regenerate the skins connective tissues.

7. Cucumbers and Celery. Both cucumbers and celery can hydrate dry skin. Silica is present in both of these vegetables which is known to increase elasticity to the skin.

How Vegetables Help Your Skin:

• Eating vegetables can help to reduce redness or yellowness in
your skin.

• Eating vegetables can improve skin tone.
• Helps prevent acne from occurring.
• Helps protect against different types of cancer.
• Helps protect against infections.

Vegetables improve your skin

Fri, 28 February 2020 06:08

What Are the Main Types of Acne Scarring?

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There are different types of scar – some of these will fade away naturally in time but some are harder to get rid of. The main types are:

1. Macules: flat, red spots where you once had a spot, boil or acne breakout. These tend to fade on their own after a while.

2. Skin discoloration: where a healed acne scar leaves you with discolored skin. This is sometimes called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and can take months to fade completely.

3. Tissue scars: these are the enlarged, raised growths also called keloids caused by excess production of collagen.

4. Tissue loss: the acne ‘pits’ or scars caused by a loss of tissue

Common Treatments for Acne Scarring:

Micro-dermabrasion: this is where I use a medical grade machine to exfoliate your skin using very small crystals, taking off the surface layer of dead skin and encouraging cell renewal. For deeper scars it’s likely you’ll need more than one session, so keep this in mind. It’s non-invasive, doesn’t hurt and requires no downtime so is an ideal first treatment for acne scarring.

Chemical peels: a chemical peel is very effective at reducing hyperpigmentation and also reducing the appearance of shallow acne scars. A chemical peel simply involves applying a mild type of acid to your skin to remove the very top layer. Taking off the dead skin cells leaves your skin looking brighter and evens out your skin tone. Mild skin peels don’t usually need any down time, but the harsher ones might leave your skin red for a while, with some peeling. Keep in mind more than one treatments is necessary for the best results.

I also use microdermabrasion and microchanneling together for acne scars as well.

Come in for a consultation and see what we can do for YOU!

Fri, 22 March 2019 01:41

What causes vertical lines and wrinkles?

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While being safe and not breaking any laws…Close your eyes and touch whatever surface is in front of you. How does it feel? Rough? Smooth? Abrasive? Now, if your hands are clean touch your skin. How does it feel? Maybe different than you remember. Our skin changes as we age and the difference in texture can be alarmingly noticeable. Not only can you feel vertical lines and wrinkles, they’re also generally the deepest and most pronounced indicators of aging skin. If that’s not enough, vertical lines can even distort your facial expressions! This article won’t eliminate your wrinkles but will help you better understand the causes of vertical lines and how they can be reduced.

What is a vertical wrinkle?

Vertical lines and wrinkles are visible folds in the skin that run north to south ⇵. Horizontal lines run east to west ⇆ and are normally caused by repeated facial expressions. Unfortunately, laughter and smiling can increase horizontal lines. Most people associate these smile lines with happy emotions but expressing happy emotions can make horizontal lines become very noticeable. Vertical Lines run north to south and are much more pronounced. People tend to strongly associate vertical lines with looking sad, tired or angry.

Read more: frown lines and furrowed brows
Can vertical wrinkles be caused by the environment?

Life choices and your environment are one of the leading causes of vertical lines. The most common environmental factors to consider are sun exposure, pollution, stress and smoking. It is impossible to completely eliminate exposure to your surroundings but we recommend:

  • A good skincare regimen that includes applying UVA + UVB protection daily.
  • A strong source of antioxidants in both your diet and your skincare to help push back against free radical damage and pollution.
  • Limiting your stress, sleeping well and taking time to exercise and pamper yourself.
  • Keeping clear of smoke because it can increase the visible signs of aging on your skin. Smoking causes internal and external damage to your body.
  • Moisturize, moisturize, moisturize! Use any moisturizer and drink plenty of water!

Read more:  vertical lip lines
Can your skin be lazy?

We hope not because skin has to keep working hard to maintain its natural shape! Your skin doesn’t exactly get lazy but as we age skin tends to lose its elasticity and firmness as our cell renewal rate starts to decline. People that spend long hours in the sun may see early signs of aging sooner than those that use SPF protection and have a consistent skincare routine. Remember our skin is continually exposed to pollutants. Luckily, you can help your skin stay in shape with active ingredients that are specifically targeted to give it a boost.

vertical lines and wrinkles

Fri, 22 March 2019 01:54

Mandelic Acid

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Mandelic Acid, which is derived from almonds. This powerhouse ingredient serves as a gentle exfoliant and works to treat a variety of skin challenges including photo-aging, acne and irregular pigmentation.

What It Is

As I mentioned L-Mandelic Acid is found in almonds, and its name is derived from the German word for almond – “Mandel.” A little known fact about the almond – it is actually not a nut. The name refers to both the tree that produces the fruit as well as the fruit itself. And the fruit of the almond (what we know of as a nut) is actually a drupe, which is classified as fruit with an outer fleshy part surrounding an inner shell or pit – like a peach.

Mandelic Acid, considered an AHA, was discovered while heating an extract of bitter almonds called amygdalin. How It Works

Today Mandelic Acid is used to treat a variety of skin issues including photo aging, acne, rosacea and other pigmentation disorders. It has a pH of 3.4 and is strong enough to produce a mild exfoliation, but is tolerable by most skin types because of its lighter “prickling” sensation.

Mandelic Acid’s antiseptic and antibacterial activity makes it useful in treating acne in adults and teens, and since it reduces inflammation and rednes. I have it available in a serum, toner and moisturizer and it has been very beneficial for my clients.

Mandelic Acid

Fri, 22 March 2019 01:03

You are What You EAT

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Dry, flaky skin is a major concern for many people, especially in the winter. While moisturizers, oils and creams are great for topical use, treating skin from the inside out can also help to introduce some hydration back into the skin.

  • Vitamin C helps boost skin hydration while working to prevent wrinkles. Foods filled with vitamin C include: broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cauliflower, pineapple, kiwi, oranges and avocados.
  • Vitamin E protects the skin from free radicals, which can lead to early signs of aging. Almonds, sunflower seeds, spinach, avocados, trout, walnuts, sweet potatoes, butternut squash and olive oil are some of the foods rich in vitamin E.
  • Beta-Carotene works to protect the skin against damage from UV rays. Some foods rich in beta-carotene are sweet potatoes, carrots, leafy greens, spinach, winter squash, kale, pumpkin, red peppers, peas and broccoli.
  • Healthy Fats help to keep the skin moisturized and flexible. Avocados are one of the best foods containing healthy fats along with cheese, extra virgin olive oil, fatty fish, whole eggs, chia seeds and dark chocolate.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids can also work wonders on the skin. Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids include: seafood, wild salmon, mackerel, chia seeds, flaxseeds, walnuts, sardines, soybeans and olive oil.
  • Zinc can actually help with creating new skin cells. Seafood, dark chocolate, oysters, lamb, wheat, pumpkin seeds and spinach are all rich in zinc.
  • Potassium fights against another form of food that could be drying your skin out: sodium. Bananas, sweet potatoes, spinach, watermelon, avocados, walnuts, yogurt, dark chocolate, tomato soup, edamame and butternut squash are some of the numerous foods that are rich in potassium.
  • Antioxidant-rich foods have numerous benefits, but they specifically protect the skin from free radicals. Dark chocolate, blackberries, blueberries, cranberries, pecans, walnuts, spinach, strawberries and artichokes are all included in the antioxidant-rich food family.
Fri, 22 March 2019 01:05

Cooler weather is here

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Cooler weather is here—and with it, a change in your skincare routine. While humid summer meant less about layers of hydration, now is the time to focus on preventing dry winter skin. Here are the best skincare products for winter.

VITAL C Hydrating Water Burst
An innovative gel-texture hydrator, VITAL C Hydrating Water Burst is your skin’s best friend for winter. During the colder, drier months of winter, your skin isn’t able to absorb water from its surroundings. This leaves skin thirsty and in need of water.
Our lightweight gel is intended to give that burst of hydration right on application. Water burst technology helps us pack the most hydration. When rubbed into your skin, the beneficial ingredients break into water droplets. Being a VITAL C product, water burst also has a water-soluble form of vitamin C, which helps improve the appearance of collagen-deprived skin. Also, orange peel oil helps energize the skin for a visible glow. Incorporating a super-hydrating gel is a crucial step in avoiding winter dehydration.

VITAL C Hydrating Overnight Masque
During the winter months, colder and drier weather means you’ll need to bump up both your hydration and moisturization levels. Without the humidity in the air, skin can become dehydrated very easily. Because you deserve a little extra care, there’s VITAL C Hydrating Overnight Masque. This overnight treatment has a triple mineral complex that energizes the skin while you sleep for a revitalized look when your day begins. The gel delivers water to the skin and helps lock in vital nutrients.
The complex gel does all the heavy lifting while you do all the sweet sleeping. Just apply a thick, even layer to cleansed before you head to bed and wash off with lukewarm water when you wake up. Use 2-3 times a week. Bonus tip: if you are especially prone to dry skin, try combining with our VITAL C Hydrating Antioxidant A C E Serum before you apply for a moisturization boost which will help lock in water.

VITAL C Hydrating Antioxidant A C E Serum
Our VITAL C Hydrating Antioxidant A C E Serum is the skin-nourishing serum of the season. It combines the power of vitamin C with that of vitamins A and E. There’s also polyphenols extracted from red wine in the formula. Many different polyphenols are naturally present in a wide variety of plants — including grapes! These complex compounds help plants handle the effects of the sun 1. Although the sun isn’t as strong during the winter months, it is still important to protect your skin from sun damage. Just apply to cleansed skin every morning, reapplying if skin feels dry during the day.

Fri, 22 March 2019 01:26

Antioxidants: multifunctional ingredients

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Skincare’s more powerful antioxidants

Although the human body has its own internal antioxidant defense system, daily use of topical antioxidants dramatically increases your skin’s protection against the visible signs of aging. The following are some of the most effective antioxidants to add to your skincare regimen:

L-ascorbic acid is the only true form of vitamin C and it is the only ingredient to provide all of vitamin C’s topical benefits, including plumping and firming. Topically applied reduces skin damage, even that caused by UV damage, making it a great morning antioxidant.

Tocopherol is the pure form of vitamin E and is an excellent antioxidant. It is fat-soluble, protecting lipids in the body, including cell membranes, from oxidation. It is an unstable molecule on its own, but when paired with L-ascorbic acid, the two antioxidants stabilize each other for double the benefits.

Glutathione is part of the body’s natural antioxidant system. Many of the most commonly used antioxidants work by regenerating glutathione. It neutralizes current and prevents future oxidation. Glutathione also works as a co-antioxidant that supports L-ascorbic acid and vitamin E.

Green tea is the source of several potent polyphenol antioxidants. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is thought to be responsible for green tea’s primary antioxidant, calming, soothing and skin cancer prevention benefits. EGCG has been shown to prevent the formation of several highly damaging free radicals.

Genistein is an isoflavone derived from soybeans that increases the activity of the skin’s own antioxidants. Studies suggest that genistein prevents free radical production. Genistein also interferes with DNA damage and mutation due to UV exposure. Studies show genistein provides short- and long-term UV damage prevention, including redness, skin cancer and visible skin aging.

Resveratrol is found in berries, grapes and red wine. It is a potent polyphenolic antioxidant that has been shown to suppress the production of a variety of free radicals. Studies have also shown that resveratrol has a preventative effect on tumor formation within the skin.

Silymarin is a powerful flavonoid antioxidant found in milk thistle whose most active component is silybin. Research shows that silybin inhibits lipid peroxidation, free radical production and increases the amount of the skin’s natural antioxidant glutathione.

Caffeine is capable of scavenging a variety of damaging free radicals. Studies comparing caffeinated and decaffeinated beverages showed a marked increase in the antioxidant activity of those containing caffeine. Research also suggests that topical application of caffeine can reduce the potential of developing skin cancer by forcing damaged, UV-exposed skin cells into apoptosis [cell death].

Ergothioneine is naturally found in many plant species. It helps to boost the protective capabilities of traditional antioxidants, such as L-ascorbic acid. Ergothioneine has been shown to correct and prevent free radical damage.

Ubiquinone is also known as Coenzyme Q10 or CoQ10 and is naturally found in the body, but amounts decrease as we age. When applied topically, it is a powerful anti-aging antioxidant that reduces signs of skin damage and free radical damage.

All of these antioxidants can be found in a range of PCA SKIN® daily care products and professional treatments.

Fri, 22 March 2019 01:12

4 Things to Do Everyday for Your Skin

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Healthy, glowing skin is the result of daily habits

1. Wear a broad spectrum SPF: Wearing a sunscreen every day is one of the best things you can do to maintain youthful skin. Exposure to UVA and UVB rays is the biggest contributor to premature aging. PCA SKIN® recommends applying a broad spectrum sunscreen of at least 30 SPF to protect from all types of UV damage. Ninety-five percent of the UV exposure the average person receives is able to pass through clouds, glass and clothes (which means you need sunscreen even on cloudy days or on days where you’ll be sitting in an office all day). All PCA SKIN broad spectrum sunscreen products are formulated so they virtually disappear upon application; you’ll hardly know they are there.

2. Wash off your day: We’re all guilty of skipping this important step before going to bed. Removing all of the makeup, dirt, and excess oils we accumulate throughout the day is essential to keeping your skin clean, so it can focus on repairing itself. A good cleanser will do all of this in one step. It’s important to choose a cleanser suited for your skin type and concerns. For those with acne, we recommend a cleanser with salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide, while those with drier skin should opt for a lighter, creamier formula

3. Stay hydrated: Dehydrated skin can look dry and tired. Drinking 64 ounces of water in a day helps keep our bodies hydrated and balanced. But keeping your skin hydrated is a two-fold process. Drinking water keeps skin protected from the inside, but you also have to use a topical moisturizer to protect your skin from outside elements. All skin types (yes, even oily, acneic skin) need to use a moisturizer to keep skin balanced and looking its best.

4. Get your beauty sleep: Not getting enough sleep actually ages your skin. Lack of sleep causes puffiness, dark circles under the eyes, visible dryness and increased wrinkling. It’s not just the amount of sleep that affects skin health, but also the quality. While you sleep, your skin renews itself and collagen production is accelerated (more collagen means firmer skin and fewer wrinkles). If the body doesn’t go into this repair mode, damaged cells accumulate, causing skin to age faster. Six to eight hours of uninterrupted sleep a night is recommended to allow the body to properly renew itself. The well-rested not only feel better, but also preserve their youthful glow longer!