Fri, 22 March 2019 01:41

What causes vertical lines and wrinkles?

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While being safe and not breaking any laws…Close your eyes and touch whatever surface is in front of you. How does it feel? Rough? Smooth? Abrasive? Now, if your hands are clean touch your skin. How does it feel? Maybe different than you remember. Our skin changes as we age and the difference in texture can be alarmingly noticeable. Not only can you feel vertical lines and wrinkles, they’re also generally the deepest and most pronounced indicators of aging skin. If that’s not enough, vertical lines can even distort your facial expressions! This article won’t eliminate your wrinkles but will help you better understand the causes of vertical lines and how they can be reduced.

What is a vertical wrinkle?

Vertical lines and wrinkles are visible folds in the skin that run north to south ⇵. Horizontal lines run east to west ⇆ and are normally caused by repeated facial expressions. Unfortunately, laughter and smiling can increase horizontal lines. Most people associate these smile lines with happy emotions but expressing happy emotions can make horizontal lines become very noticeable. Vertical Lines run north to south and are much more pronounced. People tend to strongly associate vertical lines with looking sad, tired or angry.

Read more: frown lines and furrowed brows
Can vertical wrinkles be caused by the environment?

Life choices and your environment are one of the leading causes of vertical lines. The most common environmental factors to consider are sun exposure, pollution, stress and smoking. It is impossible to completely eliminate exposure to your surroundings but we recommend:

  • A good skincare regimen that includes applying UVA + UVB protection daily.
  • A strong source of antioxidants in both your diet and your skincare to help push back against free radical damage and pollution.
  • Limiting your stress, sleeping well and taking time to exercise and pamper yourself.
  • Keeping clear of smoke because it can increase the visible signs of aging on your skin. Smoking causes internal and external damage to your body.
  • Moisturize, moisturize, moisturize! Use any moisturizer and drink plenty of water!

Read more:  vertical lip lines
Can your skin be lazy?

We hope not because skin has to keep working hard to maintain its natural shape! Your skin doesn’t exactly get lazy but as we age skin tends to lose its elasticity and firmness as our cell renewal rate starts to decline. People that spend long hours in the sun may see early signs of aging sooner than those that use SPF protection and have a consistent skincare routine. Remember our skin is continually exposed to pollutants. Luckily, you can help your skin stay in shape with active ingredients that are specifically targeted to give it a boost.

Fri, 22 March 2019 01:54

Mandelic Acid

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Mandelic Acid, which is derived from almonds. This powerhouse ingredient serves as a gentle exfoliant and works to treat a variety of skin challenges including photo-aging, acne and irregular pigmentation.

What It Is

As I mentioned L-Mandelic Acid is found in almonds, and its name is derived from the German word for almond – “Mandel.” A little known fact about the almond – it is actually not a nut. The name refers to both the tree that produces the fruit as well as the fruit itself. And the fruit of the almond (what we know of as a nut) is actually a drupe, which is classified as fruit with an outer fleshy part surrounding an inner shell or pit – like a peach.

Mandelic Acid, considered an AHA, was discovered while heating an extract of bitter almonds called amygdalin. How It Works

Today Mandelic Acid is used to treat a variety of skin issues including photo aging, acne, rosacea and other pigmentation disorders. It has a pH of 3.4 and is strong enough to produce a mild exfoliation, but is tolerable by most skin types because of its lighter “prickling” sensation.

Mandelic Acid’s antiseptic and antibacterial activity makes it useful in treating acne in adults and teens, and since it reduces inflammation and rednes. I have it available in a serum, toner and moisturizer and it has been very beneficial for my clients.

Fri, 22 March 2019 01:03

You are What You EAT

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Dry, flaky skin is a major concern for many people, especially in the winter. While moisturizers, oils and creams are great for topical use, treating skin from the inside out can also help to introduce some hydration back into the skin.

  • Vitamin C helps boost skin hydration while working to prevent wrinkles. Foods filled with vitamin C include: broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cauliflower, pineapple, kiwi, oranges and avocados.
  • Vitamin E protects the skin from free radicals, which can lead to early signs of aging. Almonds, sunflower seeds, spinach, avocados, trout, walnuts, sweet potatoes, butternut squash and olive oil are some of the foods rich in vitamin E.
  • Beta-Carotene works to protect the skin against damage from UV rays. Some foods rich in beta-carotene are sweet potatoes, carrots, leafy greens, spinach, winter squash, kale, pumpkin, red peppers, peas and broccoli.
  • Healthy Fats help to keep the skin moisturized and flexible. Avocados are one of the best foods containing healthy fats along with cheese, extra virgin olive oil, fatty fish, whole eggs, chia seeds and dark chocolate.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids can also work wonders on the skin. Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids include: seafood, wild salmon, mackerel, chia seeds, flaxseeds, walnuts, sardines, soybeans and olive oil.
  • Zinc can actually help with creating new skin cells. Seafood, dark chocolate, oysters, lamb, wheat, pumpkin seeds and spinach are all rich in zinc.
  • Potassium fights against another form of food that could be drying your skin out: sodium. Bananas, sweet potatoes, spinach, watermelon, avocados, walnuts, yogurt, dark chocolate, tomato soup, edamame and butternut squash are some of the numerous foods that are rich in potassium.
  • Antioxidant-rich foods have numerous benefits, but they specifically protect the skin from free radicals. Dark chocolate, blackberries, blueberries, cranberries, pecans, walnuts, spinach, strawberries and artichokes are all included in the antioxidant-rich food family.
Fri, 22 March 2019 01:05

Cooler weather is here

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Cooler weather is here—and with it, a change in your skincare routine. While humid summer meant less about layers of hydration, now is the time to focus on preventing dry winter skin. Here are the best skincare products for winter.

VITAL C Hydrating Water Burst
An innovative gel-texture hydrator, VITAL C Hydrating Water Burst is your skin’s best friend for winter. During the colder, drier months of winter, your skin isn’t able to absorb water from its surroundings. This leaves skin thirsty and in need of water.
Our lightweight gel is intended to give that burst of hydration right on application. Water burst technology helps us pack the most hydration. When rubbed into your skin, the beneficial ingredients break into water droplets. Being a VITAL C product, water burst also has a water-soluble form of vitamin C, which helps improve the appearance of collagen-deprived skin. Also, orange peel oil helps energize the skin for a visible glow. Incorporating a super-hydrating gel is a crucial step in avoiding winter dehydration.

VITAL C Hydrating Overnight Masque
During the winter months, colder and drier weather means you’ll need to bump up both your hydration and moisturization levels. Without the humidity in the air, skin can become dehydrated very easily. Because you deserve a little extra care, there’s VITAL C Hydrating Overnight Masque. This overnight treatment has a triple mineral complex that energizes the skin while you sleep for a revitalized look when your day begins. The gel delivers water to the skin and helps lock in vital nutrients.
The complex gel does all the heavy lifting while you do all the sweet sleeping. Just apply a thick, even layer to cleansed before you head to bed and wash off with lukewarm water when you wake up. Use 2-3 times a week. Bonus tip: if you are especially prone to dry skin, try combining with our VITAL C Hydrating Antioxidant A C E Serum before you apply for a moisturization boost which will help lock in water.

VITAL C Hydrating Antioxidant A C E Serum
Our VITAL C Hydrating Antioxidant A C E Serum is the skin-nourishing serum of the season. It combines the power of vitamin C with that of vitamins A and E. There’s also polyphenols extracted from red wine in the formula. Many different polyphenols are naturally present in a wide variety of plants — including grapes! These complex compounds help plants handle the effects of the sun 1. Although the sun isn’t as strong during the winter months, it is still important to protect your skin from sun damage. Just apply to cleansed skin every morning, reapplying if skin feels dry during the day.

Fri, 22 March 2019 01:26

Antioxidants: multifunctional ingredients

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Skincare’s more powerful antioxidants

Although the human body has its own internal antioxidant defense system, daily use of topical antioxidants dramatically increases your skin’s protection against the visible signs of aging. The following are some of the most effective antioxidants to add to your skincare regimen:

L-ascorbic acid is the only true form of vitamin C and it is the only ingredient to provide all of vitamin C’s topical benefits, including plumping and firming. Topically applied reduces skin damage, even that caused by UV damage, making it a great morning antioxidant.

Tocopherol is the pure form of vitamin E and is an excellent antioxidant. It is fat-soluble, protecting lipids in the body, including cell membranes, from oxidation. It is an unstable molecule on its own, but when paired with L-ascorbic acid, the two antioxidants stabilize each other for double the benefits.

Glutathione is part of the body’s natural antioxidant system. Many of the most commonly used antioxidants work by regenerating glutathione. It neutralizes current and prevents future oxidation. Glutathione also works as a co-antioxidant that supports L-ascorbic acid and vitamin E.

Green tea is the source of several potent polyphenol antioxidants. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is thought to be responsible for green tea’s primary antioxidant, calming, soothing and skin cancer prevention benefits. EGCG has been shown to prevent the formation of several highly damaging free radicals.

Genistein is an isoflavone derived from soybeans that increases the activity of the skin’s own antioxidants. Studies suggest that genistein prevents free radical production. Genistein also interferes with DNA damage and mutation due to UV exposure. Studies show genistein provides short- and long-term UV damage prevention, including redness, skin cancer and visible skin aging.

Resveratrol is found in berries, grapes and red wine. It is a potent polyphenolic antioxidant that has been shown to suppress the production of a variety of free radicals. Studies have also shown that resveratrol has a preventative effect on tumor formation within the skin.

Silymarin is a powerful flavonoid antioxidant found in milk thistle whose most active component is silybin. Research shows that silybin inhibits lipid peroxidation, free radical production and increases the amount of the skin’s natural antioxidant glutathione.

Caffeine is capable of scavenging a variety of damaging free radicals. Studies comparing caffeinated and decaffeinated beverages showed a marked increase in the antioxidant activity of those containing caffeine. Research also suggests that topical application of caffeine can reduce the potential of developing skin cancer by forcing damaged, UV-exposed skin cells into apoptosis [cell death].

Ergothioneine is naturally found in many plant species. It helps to boost the protective capabilities of traditional antioxidants, such as L-ascorbic acid. Ergothioneine has been shown to correct and prevent free radical damage.

Ubiquinone is also known as Coenzyme Q10 or CoQ10 and is naturally found in the body, but amounts decrease as we age. When applied topically, it is a powerful anti-aging antioxidant that reduces signs of skin damage and free radical damage.

All of these antioxidants can be found in a range of PCA SKIN® daily care products and professional treatments.

Fri, 22 March 2019 01:12

4 Things to Do Everyday for Your Skin

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Healthy, glowing skin is the result of daily habits

1. Wear a broad spectrum SPF: Wearing a sunscreen every day is one of the best things you can do to maintain youthful skin. Exposure to UVA and UVB rays is the biggest contributor to premature aging. PCA SKIN® recommends applying a broad spectrum sunscreen of at least 30 SPF to protect from all types of UV damage. Ninety-five percent of the UV exposure the average person receives is able to pass through clouds, glass and clothes (which means you need sunscreen even on cloudy days or on days where you’ll be sitting in an office all day). All PCA SKIN broad spectrum sunscreen products are formulated so they virtually disappear upon application; you’ll hardly know they are there.

2. Wash off your day: We’re all guilty of skipping this important step before going to bed. Removing all of the makeup, dirt, and excess oils we accumulate throughout the day is essential to keeping your skin clean, so it can focus on repairing itself. A good cleanser will do all of this in one step. It’s important to choose a cleanser suited for your skin type and concerns. For those with acne, we recommend a cleanser with salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide, while those with drier skin should opt for a lighter, creamier formula

3. Stay hydrated: Dehydrated skin can look dry and tired. Drinking 64 ounces of water in a day helps keep our bodies hydrated and balanced. But keeping your skin hydrated is a two-fold process. Drinking water keeps skin protected from the inside, but you also have to use a topical moisturizer to protect your skin from outside elements. All skin types (yes, even oily, acneic skin) need to use a moisturizer to keep skin balanced and looking its best.

4. Get your beauty sleep: Not getting enough sleep actually ages your skin. Lack of sleep causes puffiness, dark circles under the eyes, visible dryness and increased wrinkling. It’s not just the amount of sleep that affects skin health, but also the quality. While you sleep, your skin renews itself and collagen production is accelerated (more collagen means firmer skin and fewer wrinkles). If the body doesn’t go into this repair mode, damaged cells accumulate, causing skin to age faster. Six to eight hours of uninterrupted sleep a night is recommended to allow the body to properly renew itself. The well-rested not only feel better, but also preserve their youthful glow longer!

Sun, 20 May 2018 08:30

Patience is a Virtue!

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Skin care products take time to work and everyone is different in terms of how soon they notice results.
Vitamin C
Known for its ability to brighten, it also leaves the skin with a dewy glow. This antioxidant rich vitamin does wonders for the skin because it helps create collagen. It also neutralizes free radicals which can cause fine lines, wrinkles and sunspots. Vitamin C helps with pigmentation by decreasing the production of melanin in the skin. With that said you need to use a product with at least 10″% Vitamin C and to be even more effective it needs to be paired with Vitamin E. Maximum benefits can be seen in 3 to 4 months.

Undeniably the gold standard for preventing signs of aging and acne. Retinol increases the rate of cell turnover, which speeds up the process of sloughing away dead skin cells and stimulates new collagen production. When new collagen is made, it improves the appearance and texture of the skin, as well as fine lines and wrinkles, and helps prevent acne. Always use a SPF 30 along with any retinol because they can cause sun sensitivity. Also when starting to use retinol use it 3times a week until your skin gets used to it, then you can work your way up to every night. For the best results though it takes time, about 6 to 8 weeks.
PCA has 4 types of retinol for your particular skin problem. They have one for aging, acne, lightening and sensitive skin! They are all time released as well so they will work all night while your sleeping.

Hydroquinone is the best ingredient for fading dark spots, it does this by blocking the production of melanin in the skin. But here’s the thing you must use SPF30 daily at t he same time because the sun instigates dark spots. Best results are found when you pair the use of hydroquinone with chemical peels. Once again it takes time t o work but after about a month the dark spots will start to fade.

Fri, 04 May 2018 11:25

The Power of Vit. C

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The power of Vit. C
Anti-aging and UV protection with Vitamin C

Turns out, mom was right. Your morning glass of orange juice is essential to get your body going and keep it healthy. Orange juice is packed full of the essential antioxidant L-ascorbic acid (also known as vitamin C). Vitamin C — and all other antioxidants, in fact — protect the body’s cells from damage, including preventing signs of aging, including fine lines and wrinkles. However, our bodies don’t naturally produce vitamin C, meaning we need to get it from outside nutrient-rich sources.

L-ascorbic acid does as much good for the skin as it does for your body. Unfortunately, your skin is the last organ in the body to receive these healthy nutrients, so even when you’re getting the recommended daily dose of vitamin C, very little of that is making its way to your skin. This is why topical vitamin C is recommended every morning.

90% of visible aging is the result of external factors, most of which is due to UV exposure. Even if you’re applying — and reapplying — broad spectrum sun protection every day, you’re likely still experiencing some sort of environmental damage to the skin. Vitamin C helps protect the skin from the effects of UV exposure, keeping your skin looking youthful and healthy.

PCA SKIN® has two advanced vitamin C products: C&E Strength and C&E Strength Max. Both have powerful percentages of vitamin C for anti-aging and skin damage prevention. These formulas have the most potent forms of vitamins C and E for maximum results in anti-aging and prevention for your healthiest and most protected skin.

Previous: the history of retinol

Fri, 04 May 2018 10:13

Top 3 Caffeine Benefits in Skincare

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Top 3 caffeine benefits in skincare
Protect, prevent and refresh

Caffeine is a regular part of most people’s morning routines, “Ok, but first coffee.” However, caffeine is being found in another part of your morning routine more and more – your skincare products. Caffeine is a powerful antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and circulatory stimulant, making it a powerful anti-aging ingredient. It’s used in products ranging from eye creams to moisturizers to SPFs.

1. Caffeine fights free radical damage and premature aging

As an antioxidant, caffeine protects skin from free radicals. Think of your skin as an apple slice. As the apple is exposed to the air, free radicals begin to oxidize the surface of the fruit, causing it to discolor and lose its original texture. The same thing happens to our skin (only much slower), causing premature signs of visible aging. Antioxidants, such as caffeine, inhibit free radicals from damaging the skin, preventing discoloration, fine lines and wrinkles.

2. Caffeine enhances your sun protection

Just like how coffee gives you a boost in the morning, caffeine gives your SPF a boost. Antioxidants work to slow and repair UV damage, while traditional SPF ingredients like zinc oxide and octinoxate absorb or scatter UV rays before they enter your skin. The combination is improved sun protection. Look for a broad spectrum SPF with caffeine to prevent sun damage, the #1 cause of premature aging.

3. Caffeine wakes up skin

Drinking caffeine increases energy and blood flow and so does applying it topically. When applied to the skin, caffeine stimulates circulation, increasing the overall perkiness of skin. Increased blood flow delivers much needed oxygen to skin, de-puffing and brightening tired looking skin.

With benefits such as brighter skin and reduced fine lines and wrinkles, skincare products may become the new morning cup of Joe.
PCA has caffeine in all their sunscreens.

Tue, 01 May 2018 10:25

Protect Your Skin From The Sun

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As we age our skin becomes more drier and more lax and wrinkled, partly because we lose about 30% of the collagen in our skin after menopause and partly because of the SUN. So let’s start with rule #1-
protect your skin from the sun. HOW?
1. Avoid the sun during peak hours (10 to 2pm) Even on overcast days.
2. Wear protective clothing which includes sunglasses and hats. There are even laundry additives available which give clothing an additional layer of ultraviolet protection.
3. Apply sunscreen generously and regularly about every 2 hours if in the sun.
4. Skip the tanning beds they emit UVA rays.
5. Choose a broad spectrum spf30 which will protect your skin from UVA and UVB rays.
PCA has many sunscreens to choose from, depending on your skin type. They all have a seal of approval from the national skin cancer society. There is one for dry skin, oily skin, pigmented skin, acne skin and there is even a tinted spf.
Rule #2 Use skincare products professionally recommended for your skin!
Best Anti-aging Ingredients
1. Retinol Retinol is a vitamin A compound and an antioxidant. Antioxidants are important because they neutralize free radicals- unstable oxygen molecules that break down skin cells and cause wrinkles.
2. Vitamin C Another potent antioxidant that helps protect the skin from the sun.
3. Niacinamide A potent antioxidant that helps to reduce water loss in the skin and helps to improve skin elasticity.
4. Peptides
5. Vitamins